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Acronyms are abbreviations. They are formed by using the initial letters of words. There are different types of acronyms.
Synonyms: initialisms, alphabetisms
Related terms: backronym, apronym, anacronym, laser acronym, pseudo-acronym.
Computer and Internet Related Acronyms
A AARP AppleTalk Address Resolution Protocol
ABC Atanasoff-Berry Computer
AIN Advanced Intelligent Network AISEP Advanced Internet Satellite Extension Project ANSI American National Standards Institute. ARPA Advanced Research Projects Agency. ARPAnet Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (replaced by NFSNet) ASCII American Standard Code for Information Interchange ATM Asynchronous Transfer Mode (a method of transmitting bytes across communications links) B BBS Bulletin Board System (service accessible via modem or other connection through which users may exchange messages) BIOS Basic Input Output System (a set of instructions that tell the computer how to act) BPS Bits per Second (a measure of the speed of data transmission) BTW By The Way (By the way is often used in email, chat, etc.) C CA Certification Authority (used in Internet and Network Security; a third party which issues and revokes certificates) CAD Computer Aided Design CAT Computer Aided Translation; Computer Assisted Translation
CD Compact Disk CICS Customer Information Control System CIS Customer Information Services CIX Commercial Information Exchange COPS Computer Oracle and Password System CPU Central Processing Unit CRM Customer Relationship Management CRU Customer Replaceable Unit CS Customer Service CSCW Computer Supported Co-operative Work CSG Computer Systems Group CSI Complex Service Interface CSM Cluster Storage Management (Disk Storage) CSV Comma Separated Values D DAD Document Analysis and Design (used in Document Imaging) DBS Database Software DC Direct Current DCAM Digital CAMera DCE Data Communications Equipment (or Distributed Computing Environment) DCL Digital Command Language DDL Data Definition Language DDR Double Data Rate DNS Domain Name Service DNSBL Domain Name Service Black-hole List (a list of domain names used by known spammers) DRM Digital Rights Management DSU Disk Storage Unit DTP DeskTop Publishing E EBT Electronic Banking Transfers (Commerce) EC Electronic Commerce (Computer Industry) ECMA European Computer Manufacturers Association ECML Electronic Commerce Modeling Language EDA Electronic Document Access EDI Electronic Data Interchange EIA Electronic Industries Association EIDE Enhanced Integrated Drive Electronics (Disk Drives) EITO European Information Technology Observatory ELC Entry Level Computer (or Entry Level Server) EMA Electronic Messaging Association EMS Electronic Messaging Service EULA End User License Agreement (Microsoft Licensing) F FA Feature Audit (or Failure Analysis) FACE Framed Access Command Environment FAST Feature Audit Tools and Systems FAT File Allocation Table FAQ Frequently Asked Questions FOSS Free and Open Source Software FTP File Transport Protocol FUD Fear, Uncertainty and Doubt (in competiting marketing) FW FirmWare FXO Foreign eXchange Office G GB Gigabyte (a measure of storage space in Hard Drives; 1 GB =1,000 MB (Megabytes) GDS Global Distribution System GHR Global Human Resources GIF Graphics Interchange Format GIS Global Information Solutions GPS General Purpose Systems GUI Graphical User Interface 2G Second Generation 3G Third Generation H HDA Head Disk Assembly HDD Hard Disk Drive HMI Human Machine Interface HSM Hierarchical Storage Management (used in Data Storage) HTML HyperText Markup Language (is used to format information and make it accessible to the World Wide Web) HTML+ (new and higher standard which supersedes html) HTTP Hypertext Transfer Protocol (it forms the basis of the World Wide Web technology) HWA Host Wire Adapter I IAB Internet Architecture Board IANA Internet Assigned Numbers Authority ICDL International Computer Driving License IDE Integrated Drive Electronics (an interface used by hard drives and CD-ROM drives to connect to the computer) IETF Internet Engineering Task Force IN Intelligent Network IP Internet Protocol (the standard protocol used by systems communicating across the Internet) IP Address Internet Protocol Address (a digital code that locates a computer connected to the Internet) IRC Internet Relay Chat (software which enables to hold real-time keyboard conversations online) ISB Internet Service Bus ISDN Integrated Services Digital Network ISO International Organization for Standardization ISOC Internet Society ISP Internet Service Provider (a company that provides a connection to the Internet) ITU International Telecommunication Union J JCL Job Control Language JSP Java Server Pages JPEG Joint Photographic Experts Group (a compression technique for images on the Internet) L LAN Local Area Network (a local server that a computer is usually connected to) LBB Local Backup Browser LCP Link Control Protocol (Networking) LINQ Language INtegrated Query (used in Microsoft, Microsoft Windows Software Development) LMB Local Master Browser LMO Large Memory Option LUN Logical Unit Number M MAC Macintosh (a personal computer manufactured by Apple Computer) MAN Metropolitan Area Network. MB Megabyte (=1 million bytes; a measure of the quantity of data) MBONE Multicast BackbONE MIME Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (method a computer uses to send e-mail from one computer to another) MPEG Motion Picture Experts Group (a video file compression system) MUD Multi User Domain N NAP Network Access Protection NC Network Computer NCSA National Center for Supercomputing Applications (US) NFR Not For Resale NFS Network File System NOC Network Operations Center NS Next Step NSF National Science Foundation NT New Technology O OBI Open Buying on the Internet ONE Open Networking Environment OS Operating System (primary program running on a computer; starts automatically when the computer is switched on) OSP Online Service Provider (a company which provides not only internet but also email and other services) P PC Personal Computer PDF Portable Document Format (a document format read by Adobe System's Acrobat viewer; excellent for displaying large documents in a print-ready state) PEM Privacy Enhanced Mail (method a computer uses to send e-mail from one computer to another) PPP Point-to-Point Protocol (allows a computer to use the TCP/IP Internet protocols with a standard telephone line and a very high speed modem) PTT Postal, Telegraph and Telephone R RAM Random Access Memory (working space in a computer; by increasing the amount of RAM, the speed of a computer increases) RIM Research In Motion (research related to cellular phones and computers) ROM Read Only Memory (it cannot be altered; is read only) RTF Rich Text Format S SCSI Small Computer Systems Interface SIG Special Interest Group SLIP Serial Line Internet Protocol (allows a computer to use the Internet protocols with a standard telephone line and a high-speed modem; replaced by PPP) SMTP Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (method a computer uses to send e-mail from one computer to another) SQL Structured Query Language (ANSI language created for retrieving information from a database) STT Secure Transaction Technology (software that protects financial dealings and prevents fraud over the Internet) T TB TeraByte (1TB=1000 GB (GigaBytes) TCE Targeted Customer Environment TCP/IP Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (a set of protocols that control how data is transferred between computers on the Internet) TEC Translational English Corpus TS Technical Support U UNIX UNiplexed Information and Computing Service (in Computer Operating Systems) UPI Unique Primary Index (used in marketing) URL Universal Resource Locator (a path to World Wide Web file; it has a name and an extension) UWB Ultra Wide Band (Wireless Networks) V VB Visual Basic (Microsoft programming language) VBA Visual Basic for Applications (Microsoft) VCR Video Cassette Recorder (in Motion Picture Engineering) VR Virtual Reality VRML Virtual Reality Mark-up Language W W3 World Wide Web WAIS Wide Area Information Search (software that is used to index large text files in servers) WAN Wide Area Network (a computer network that can be dispersed across a university campus or any other area) WSDL Web Services Description Language WWW World Wide Web (a hypermedia retrieval system for information) WYSIWYG What You See Is What You Get (it means 'whatever you see on your computer screen you will get printed out on paper; pronounced: 'wizziwig').
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